Novel mm-Wave Oscillator Based on an Electromagnetic Bandgap Resonator

Enrico Lia, Indra Ghosh, Stephen M. Hanham, Benjamin Walter, Fuanki Bavedila, Marc Faucher, Andrew P. Gregory, Leif Jensen, Jan Buchholz, Horst Fischer, Ulrich Altmann, Rüdiger Follmann

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This letter introduces a novel millimeter (mm)-wave oscillator concept based on an electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) resonator (also called a photonic crystal resonator). To realize an ultralow phase noise monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) oscillator, an EBG resonator is developed by introducing a periodic structure into an ultrahigh resistivity silicon wafer to create an EBG which confines a localized resonant mode with a reduced mode dielectric filling factor of 47%. The measured results of the resonator demonstrate an unloaded Q-factor of 108300 can be achieved at 45 GHz. Measured oscillator phase noise levels of − 91.5, − 121.5, and − 133 dBc/Hz are obtained at offset frequencies of 1, 10, and 100 kHz, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10113713
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Microwave and Wireless Technology Letters
Early online date1 May 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 May 2023


  • monolithic microwave integrated circuits
  • photonic crystals
  • dielectric resonator
  • Dielectric materials
  • microwave oscillators


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