In real industrial scenarios, if the quality characteristics of a continuous or batch production process are monitored using Shewhart control charts, there could be a large number of false alarms about the process going out of control. This is because these control charts assume that the inherent noise of the monitored process is normally, independently and identically distributed,although the assumption of independence is not always correct for continuous and batch production processes. This paper presents three control chart pattern recognition systems where the inherent disturbance is assumed to be stationary. The systems use the first-order autoregressive (AR(1)), moving-average (MA(1)) and autoregressive moving-average (ARMA(1,1)) models. A special pattern generation scheme is adopted to ensure generality, randomness, and comparability,as well as allowing the further categorisation of the studied patterns. Two different input representation techniques for the recognition systems were studied. These gave nearly the same performance for the MA(1) and ARMA(1,1) models, while the raw data yielded the highest accuracies when AR(1) was used. The effect of autocorrelation on the pattern recognition capabilities of the developed models was studied. It was observed that Normal and Upward Shift patterns were the most affected.
- Control chart pattern recognition
- stationary processes
- support vector machine (SVM)
- dynamic regression
- Pattern generation