Urban climatic map studies in UK: Birmingham

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

External organisations



Birmingham is a large post-industrial city with a population in excess of one million inhabitants. Due to the nature of the dense, multifaceted buildings contained in the urban sprawl, the city exhibits a strong nocturnal urban heat island (UHI). This effect is strongest several hours after sunset and is related to city size, moisture availability, land use, anthropogenic emissions, building materials and geometry (Oke, 1987). A systematic review of the UHI field can be found in Arnfield (2003) and Stewart (2010).


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe urban climatic map
Subtitle of host publicationa methodology for sustainable urban planning
EditorsEdward Ng, Chao Ren
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2015