Electrochemical performance of novel NGCO-LSCF composite cathode for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Ayesha Samreen
  • Nor Arifin
  • Saim Saher
  • Shahid Ali
  • Affaq Qamar

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Peshawar
  • CECOS University of IT & Emerging Sciences
  • U.S.-Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy (USPCAS-E)


In this study, a co-dopant CGO was synthesized to produce more efficient cathode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (IT-SOFC) applications. Neodymium (Nd) was doped into CGO in four different weight ratios in the formula NdxGd0.15Ce0.85-xO2-δ (NGCO); the selected percentages for x were 1%, 3%, 5% and 7%. XRD patterns showed pure phase for all synthesized compositions and good compatibility at high temperature under static air with the most common ceramic cathode material in IT-SOFC (La0·60Sr0·40Co0·20Fe0·80O2-ä, LSCF). Impedance spectroscopic characterization of symmetrical cells of the composite NGCO-LSCF at different temperatures (650–800 °C in steps of 50 °C) and a frequency range of 0.1–1 MHz in synthetic air revealed interesting results. The lowest polarization resistance (Rp) was achieved for Nd0.05Gd0.15Ce0·80O2-δ (0.06 Ω cm2 at 800 °C, 0.17 Ω cm2 at 750 °C, 0.31 Ω cm2 at 700 °C, and 0.59 Ω cm2 at 650 °C). The expected decrease in Rp was not observed for the sample with higher Nd content (7% Nd). Thus, it can be said that there is a distinction between the compositions Nd0.05Gd0.15Ce0·80O2-δ and Nd0.07Gd0.15Ce0·78O2-δ; the co-doping of Nd in NGCO incremented the oxygen ion diffusion path, thereby optimization in the triple phase boundary (TPB) sites was obtained. Furthermore, SEM and TGA measurements were conducted to clarify the reasons of such improvements. This work showed that an NGCO-LSCF composite can be considered as a potential candidate for cathode material for future IT-SOFC applications.


Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Early online date22 Jul 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Jul 2020


  • SOFC, Cathode, EIS, LSCF, IT- SOFC, Co-precipitation method, Cathode material, Co-doped ceria, Impedance spectroscopy, Polarization resistance