Effect of grain size reduction of AA2124 aluminum alloy powder compacted by spark plasma sintering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Egypt Japan University of Science and Technology
  • Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University
  • Mechanical Engineering Department, American University in Cairo


Nanocrystalline (Average grain size ∼200 nm) bulk AA2124 alloy was produced through high energy ball milling of microcrystalline powder followed by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at 480 °C with a holding time of 10 min. The effect of initial particle and grain size on the microstructural evolution as well as on the relative density and mechanical properties of the specimens consolidated through SPS and hot pressing (HP) at the same temperature for 60 min was investigated for ball milled nano-powders (NP), as well as as-received micro-powders (MP). Results showed that the NP specimens consolidated with SPS had the highest microhardness values compared to the other specimens despite not achieving full densification. On the other hand, a general increase in density, hardness, and compressive strength was observed for all SPS consolidates compared to HP. The presence of aluminum oxide and its influence on the consolidation process as well as the resulting mechanical properties of the bulk specimens is also discussed.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-221
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Early online date26 Apr 2014
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2014


  • AA2124, Mechanical milling, Nano-powder, Spark plasma sintering