Delay of migrating leukocytes by the basement membrane deposited by endothelial cells in long-term culture.

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@article{d51fc454dffb4929b34b05840dc7b6da,
title = "Delay of migrating leukocytes by the basement membrane deposited by endothelial cells in long-term culture.",
abstract = "We investigated the migration of human leukocytes through endothelial cells (EC), and particularly their underlying basement membrane (BM). EC were cultured for 20days on 3μm-pore filters or collagen gels to form a distinct BM, and then treated with tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β or interferon-γ. Neutrophil migration through the cytokine-treated EC and BM was delayed for 20-day compared to 4-day cultures. The BM alone obstructed chemotaxis of neutrophils, and if fresh EC were briefly cultured on stripped BM, there was again a hold-up in migration. In studies with lymphocytes and monocytes, we could detect little hold-up of migration for 20-day versus 4-day cultures, in either the filter- or gel-based models. Direct microscopic observations showed that BM also held-up neutrophil migration under conditions of flow. Treatment of upper and/or lower compartments of filters with antibodies against integrins, showed that neutrophil migration through the endothelial monolayer was dependent on β(2)-integrins, but not β1- or β(3)-integrins. Migration from the subendothelial compartment was supported by β1- and β(2)-integrins for all cultures, but blockade of β(3)-integrin only inhibited migration effectively for 20-day cultures. Flow cytometry indicated that there was no net increase in expression of β1- or β3-integrins during neutrophil migration, and that their specific subendothelial function was likely dependent on turnover of integrins during migration. These studies show that BM is a distinct barrier to migration of human neutrophils, and that β(3)-integrins are particularly important in crossing this barrier. The lesser effect of BM on lymphocytes and monocytes supports the concept that crossing the BM is a separate, leukocyte-specific, regulated step in migration.",
author = "VJ Burton and Lynn Butler and Helen McGettrick and Philip Stone and Hannah Jeffery and Caroline Savage and George Rainger and Gerard Nash",
year = "2011",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.yexcr.2010.10.022",
language = "English",
volume = "317",
pages = "276--92",
journal = "Experimental Cell Research",
issn = "0014-4827",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Delay of migrating leukocytes by the basement membrane deposited by endothelial cells in long-term culture.

AU - Burton, VJ

AU - Butler, Lynn

AU - McGettrick, Helen

AU - Stone, Philip

AU - Jeffery, Hannah

AU - Savage, Caroline

AU - Rainger, George

AU - Nash, Gerard

PY - 2011/2/1

Y1 - 2011/2/1

N2 - We investigated the migration of human leukocytes through endothelial cells (EC), and particularly their underlying basement membrane (BM). EC were cultured for 20days on 3μm-pore filters or collagen gels to form a distinct BM, and then treated with tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β or interferon-γ. Neutrophil migration through the cytokine-treated EC and BM was delayed for 20-day compared to 4-day cultures. The BM alone obstructed chemotaxis of neutrophils, and if fresh EC were briefly cultured on stripped BM, there was again a hold-up in migration. In studies with lymphocytes and monocytes, we could detect little hold-up of migration for 20-day versus 4-day cultures, in either the filter- or gel-based models. Direct microscopic observations showed that BM also held-up neutrophil migration under conditions of flow. Treatment of upper and/or lower compartments of filters with antibodies against integrins, showed that neutrophil migration through the endothelial monolayer was dependent on β(2)-integrins, but not β1- or β(3)-integrins. Migration from the subendothelial compartment was supported by β1- and β(2)-integrins for all cultures, but blockade of β(3)-integrin only inhibited migration effectively for 20-day cultures. Flow cytometry indicated that there was no net increase in expression of β1- or β3-integrins during neutrophil migration, and that their specific subendothelial function was likely dependent on turnover of integrins during migration. These studies show that BM is a distinct barrier to migration of human neutrophils, and that β(3)-integrins are particularly important in crossing this barrier. The lesser effect of BM on lymphocytes and monocytes supports the concept that crossing the BM is a separate, leukocyte-specific, regulated step in migration.

AB - We investigated the migration of human leukocytes through endothelial cells (EC), and particularly their underlying basement membrane (BM). EC were cultured for 20days on 3μm-pore filters or collagen gels to form a distinct BM, and then treated with tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β or interferon-γ. Neutrophil migration through the cytokine-treated EC and BM was delayed for 20-day compared to 4-day cultures. The BM alone obstructed chemotaxis of neutrophils, and if fresh EC were briefly cultured on stripped BM, there was again a hold-up in migration. In studies with lymphocytes and monocytes, we could detect little hold-up of migration for 20-day versus 4-day cultures, in either the filter- or gel-based models. Direct microscopic observations showed that BM also held-up neutrophil migration under conditions of flow. Treatment of upper and/or lower compartments of filters with antibodies against integrins, showed that neutrophil migration through the endothelial monolayer was dependent on β(2)-integrins, but not β1- or β(3)-integrins. Migration from the subendothelial compartment was supported by β1- and β(2)-integrins for all cultures, but blockade of β(3)-integrin only inhibited migration effectively for 20-day cultures. Flow cytometry indicated that there was no net increase in expression of β1- or β3-integrins during neutrophil migration, and that their specific subendothelial function was likely dependent on turnover of integrins during migration. These studies show that BM is a distinct barrier to migration of human neutrophils, and that β(3)-integrins are particularly important in crossing this barrier. The lesser effect of BM on lymphocytes and monocytes supports the concept that crossing the BM is a separate, leukocyte-specific, regulated step in migration.

U2 - 10.1016/j.yexcr.2010.10.022

DO - 10.1016/j.yexcr.2010.10.022

M3 - Article

C2 - 21056557

VL - 317

SP - 276

EP - 292

JO - Experimental Cell Research

JF - Experimental Cell Research

SN - 0014-4827

IS - 3

ER -