Biomineral hydroxyapatite (Bio-HAp) produced by Serratia sp. has the potential to be a suitable material for the remediation of metal contaminated waters and as a radionuclide waste storage material. Varying the Bio-HAp manufacturing method was found to influence hydroxyapatite (HAp) properties and consequently the uptake of Sr2+ and Co2+. All the Bio-HAp tested in this study were more efficient than the commercially available hydroxyapatite (Com-HAp) for Sr2+ and Co2+ uptake. For Bio-HAp the uptake for Sr+2 and Co2+ ranged from 24 to 39 and 29 to 78 mmol per 100 g, respectively. Whereas, the uptake of Sr2+ and Co2+ by Com-HAp ranged from 3 to 11 and 4 to 18 mmol per 100 g, respectively. Properties that increased metal uptake were smaller crystallite size (70 m(2) g(-1)). Organic content which influences the structure (e.g., crystallite arrangement, size and surface area) and composition of Bio-HAp was also found to be important in Sr2+ and Co2+ uptake. Overall, Bio-HAp shows promise for the remediation of aqueous metal waste especially since Bio-HAp can be synthesized for optimal metal uptake properties.