Towards An Architecture for Representation, Reasoning and Learning in Human-Robot Collaboration

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Abstract

Robots collaborating with humans need to represent knowledge, reason, and learn, at the sensorimotor level and the cognitive level. This paper summarizes the capabilities of an architecture that combines the complementary strengths of declarative programming, probabilistic graphical models, and reinforcement learning, to represent, reason with, and learn from, qualitative and quantitative descriptions of incomplete domain knowledge and uncertainty. Representation and reasoning is based on two tightly-coupled domain representations at different resolutions. For any given task, the coarseresolution symbolic domain representation is translated to an Answer Set Prolog program, which is solved to
provide a tentative plan of abstract actions, and to explain unexpected outcomes. Each abstract action is implemented by translating the relevant subset of the corresponding fine-resolution probabilistic representation to a partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP). Any high probability beliefs, obtained by the execution of actions based on the POMDP policy, update the coarse-resolution representation. When incomplete knowledge of the rules governing the domain dynamics results in plan execution not achieving the
desired goal, the coarse-resolution and fine-resolution representations are used to formulate the task of incrementally and interactively discovering these rules as a reinforcement learning problem. These capabilities are illustrated in the context of a mobile robot deployed in an indoor office domain.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAAAI Spring Symposium on Enabling Computing Research in Socially Intelligent Human-Robot Interaction
PublisherAAAI Press
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2016
EventAAAI Spring Symposium on Enabling Computing Research in Socially Intelligent Human-Robot Interaction - Stanford, United States
Duration: 21 Mar 201623 Mar 2016

Publication series

NameAAAI Spring Sympoium Series

Conference

ConferenceAAAI Spring Symposium on Enabling Computing Research in Socially Intelligent Human-Robot Interaction
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityStanford
Period21/03/1623/03/16

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