To-syn-fuel project to convert sewage sludge in value-added products

A. Hornung, R. Daschner, M. Ouadi, J. Zhou, D. Lieftink, A. Grassi, S. Capaccioli, A. Contin, S. Righi, D. Marazza, F. Baioli, I. Rapone, M. Langley, C. Tuck, A. Claret, J. Bastos

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The H2020 To-Syn-Fuel project aims to demonstrate a sustainable process able to transform waste biomass such as sewage sludge into renewable liquid fuels and hydrogen. The Thermo-Catalytic Reforming TCR® will be implemented in a new process integrated with hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) and pressure swing adsorption (PSA) technologies to convert a wide range of residual biomass into three main products: H2-rich synthesis gas, biochar and a liquid bio-oil that can be upgraded to green fuels capable of being used directly in automotive internal combustion engines without modification, as they fulfil EN fuel standards. In this project, the operational capacity of TCR is designed for up to 500 kg per hour of sewage sludge at a water content of 5-15%. The main purpose of this unit is the long-term operation of a pre-commercial demonstrator. This is the final step of development before the technology is reaches full commercial scale. This integrated unit is going to be commissioned in 2020 and operated from 2021 for up to 5,000 hours of operation and for the production of more than 200,000 liters of biocrude oil.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-541
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Biomass Conference and Exhibition Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event28th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, e-EUBCE 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 6 Jul 20209 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
To-Syn-Fuel project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N° 745749.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, ETA-Florence Renewable Energies. All Rights Reserved.


  • Biofuel
  • Green hydrogen
  • Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO)
  • Pressure swing adsorption (PSA)
  • Sewage sludge
  • Synthetic fuel
  • Thermo-Catalytic Reforming (TCR®)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Forestry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal


Dive into the research topics of 'To-syn-fuel project to convert sewage sludge in value-added products'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this