TIRAP Ser180Leu polymorphism is associated with Behcet's disease

Omar Durrani, K Banahan, FJ Sheedy, L McBride, E Ben-Chetrit, K Greiner, RW Vaughan, E Kondeatis, John Hamburger, F Fortune, MR Stanford, Philip Murray, LA O'Neill, Graham Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives. The initiating cause of Behcet's disease ( BD) is unknown, but an aberrant response to infection has been suggested. In this study, single nucleotide polymorphisms in Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and associated molecules that have a sentinel function at mucosal surfaces were analysed in patients with BD. Methods. TLR expression was determined by immunohistochemistry in buccal mucosal tissue from patients with BD, in tissue from patients with lichen planus (LP) or pyogenic granuloma (PG) as disease controls, or from healthy individuals. Using SSP-PCR we analysed SNP in CD14, TLR2, TLR4 and TIRAP (TIR domain-containing adaptor protein) in patients with BD from different geographical regions. Results. TLR expression was increased in buccal lesions from patients with BD compared with healthy controls; however, a similar increase was seen in lesion tissue from patients with LP or PG, suggesting that this was a generalized inflammatory response as opposed to a BD-specific response. SNP analysis showed no association between CD14, TLR2 or TLR4 polymorphisms. However, TIRAP 180Leu was significantly associated with BD in UK, but not Middle Eastern, patients. Conclusion. TLR expression showed no difference in tissue from patients with BD compared with either disease or healthy controls. Likewise, SNPs in TLR genes were no different from healthy controls. The association with the increased function variant of TIRAP suggests that encounter with a pathogen at mucosal sites will lead to increased cytokine production and tissue damage with persistence of mucosal lesions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1760-1765
Number of pages6
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011


  • Gene polymorphisms
  • Behcet's disease
  • interleukin receptor 1 domain-containing adaptor protein
  • Toll
  • Infection
  • Toll-like receptors
  • Inflammation


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