Theorising an organisational citizenship behaviour model for managerial decision-making: from history to contemporary application

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose – This study aims to expand the theory of organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) to include “exterior” behaviours. By advancing the work of Blake and Mouton (1964) and remapping the performance/OCB dimensions offered in the historical literature, a new holistic model of organisational performance is proposed. As a further step, a decision-making tool is proposed for managerial decision-making and to help predict employee performance.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper adopts a critical review and conceptual approach to explore historical OCB theories and task performance (TP) taxonomies. It then used Blake and Mouton’s managerial grid to construct a contemporary conceptual tool for managerial decision-making.

Findings – Despite the performance literature not lacking in quantity, a few of such research have led to a pragmatic managerial tool. The review reveals several confusions regarding the accurate classification of what actually constitutes OCB and what constitutes TP – this gap is filled by the introduction of the OCB model for managerial decision-making (OMMD).

Research limitations/implications – The current work expands our thinking on OCBs that can occur outside the organisation. These exterior behaviours can influence the organisation’s performance and must be managed just like any other performance metric. The OMMD, primarily based on OCB and TP, provides an initial framework for exploring different typologies of employees. Despite being based on several cogent performance literatures, the proposals have not been tested empirically.

Practical implications – Like the Blake and Mouton model, the new OMMD can be useful in estimating the proportions of employee OCBs and TP. Social implications – Culture and social exchange theory can be seen as playing a role in separating TP from OCB.

Originality/value – This study extends the work of Bateman and Organ (1983) by suggesting that some work behaviours can occur outside the organisation. Besides, a decision-making proposal is offered based on the managerial grid framework (Blake and Mouton, 1964).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1182-1198
Number of pages17
JournalManagement Research Review
Issue number8
Early online date11 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2021


  • Organisational behaviour
  • Managerial decision-making
  • Organisational citizenship behaviour
  • Contextual performance
  • Blake and Mouton model
  • Exterior performance
  • HMOP
  • OMMD


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