The reconstruction of an agricultural landscape: Seeking the Farmstead

Maeve McHugh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Farmsteads are ubiquitous across the Greek world. Within the canon of farmsteads, there are a variety of site types, which have a direct correlation to the socio-economic objectives of the household that used them. As a result, they are often the focus of scholarship for both archaeologists and historians who utilize the intersection between texts and archaeology to reconstruct a farmstead’s role within ancient agriculture. Frequently, a point of discussion is the relationship between the depiction of farming in textual sources, and the identification and interpretation of such sites, especially from the evidence of pedestrian landscape survey. This chapter describes a methodology for farmstead identification and a role-based classification. A holistic method is utilized that employs textual and archaeological data,with the aim of creating a well-rounded picture of how farmsteads functioned within an agricultural landscape. Following on from this, computational modelling is used to model the connectivity between sites and illustrate how different farmstead types could be used to complete farming tasks. The results from this chapter will demonstrate the value of employing a variety of evidence types to create models of the agricultural landscape that, in turn, further illuminate the experience of the ancient farmer.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHousing in the Ancient Mediterranean World
EditorsJ. A. Baird, April Pudsey
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9781108954983
ISBN (Print)9781108845267
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jul 2022


  • farmstead
  • GIS or computational approaches
  • Greek landscape archaeology
  • archaeological survey


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