The evolution of the cluster X-ray scaling relations in the ROSAT Pointed Sky Survey sample at 0.6

BJ Maughan, Laurence Jones, H Ebeling, C Scharf

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The X-ray properties of a sample of 11 high-redshift (0.6 <z <1.0) clusters observed with Chandra and/or XMM - Newton are used to investigate the evolution of the cluster scaling relations. The observed evolution in the normalization of the L - T, M - T, M-g - T and M - L relations is consistent with simple self-similar predictions, in which the properties of clusters reflect the properties of the Universe at their redshift of observation. Under the assumption that the model of self-similar evolution is correct and that the local systems formed via a single spherical collapse, the high-redshift L - T relation is consistent with the high-z clusters having virialized at a significantly higher redshift than the local systems. The data are also consistent with the more realistic scenario of clusters forming via the continuous accretion of material. The slope of the L - T relation at high redshift ( B = 3.32 +/- 0.37) is consistent with the local relation, and significantly steeper than the self-similar prediction of B = 2. This suggests that the same non-gravitational processes are responsible for steepening the local and high-z relations, possibly occurring universally at z greater than or similar to 1 or in the early stages of the cluster formation, prior to their observation. The properties of the intracluster medium at high redshift are found to be similar to those in the local Universe. The mean surface-brightness profile slope for the sample is beta = 0.66 +/- 0.05, the mean gas mass fractions within R-2500(z) and R-200(z) are 0.069 +/- 0.012 and 0.11 +/- 0.02, respectively, and the mean metallicity of the sample is 0.28 +/- 0.11 Z(.).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-529
Number of pages21
JournalRoyal Astronomical Society. Monthly Notices
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006


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