TEM characterisation of Widmanstatten microstructures in TiAl-based alloys

Dawei Hu, Aihua Huang, Xinhua Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


Widmanstatten lamellar microstructures in Ti-47Al-2Nb-1W-1Mn-0.2Si and Ti-46Al-8Nb (at.%) have been examined using transmission electron microscopy. Widmanstatten lamellar variants, with angles of about 30, 64 and about 90degrees with respect to the matrix lamellar colonies were observed with the majority of them making an angle of about 64degrees. The intersection of interfacial planes of the 64degrees-related Widmanstatten lamellar variants and the matrix's are in the gamma directions which were in the parent alpha-phase at high temperature. These observations have been considered in terms of the angles expected between Widmanstatten variants from mechanisms put forward in earlier work, one involving nucleation of alpha lamellae in pre-existing gamma lamellae and the other involving twinning. The observations support the a twinning mechanism. The specific twinning mode was identified as the {(1) over bar(1) over bar 22} twinning in the alpha-phase. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2005


  • crystallography
  • Widmanstatten morphology
  • based on TiAl
  • titanium alummides


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