Bim, a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 protein family, is a major regulator of central and peripheral T-cell deletion. Regulation of Bim activity by T-cell receptor (TCR) triggering is not well understood. We investigated expression of Bim in different subpopulations of ex vivo isolated human T cells from healthy donors and patients with infectious mononucleosis (IM). Upregulation of Bim expression in response to TCR-triggering was observed only in a small proportion of analyzed samples of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) from healthy donors and only occasionally upon longitudinal analysis of cells isolated from the same individuals. Populations of naive or memory T cells enriched on the basis of CD45RO or CD45RA expression showed only slight and comparable Bim upregulation. In contrast, ex vivo isolated PBLs from IM patients in the acute stage of the disease with significant expansions of CD8+ cells expressed increased levels of Bim, and lymphocytes from the majority of analyzed IM patients exhibited significant upregulation of all major Bim isoforms in response to TCR triggering. These results demonstrate that at least some antigen-induced expansions of human CD8+ T cells are associated with increased levels of Bim, and TCR triggering in effector T lymphocytes may increase Bim activity by upregulation of its expression.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2006|
- TCR triggering