Sublingual oral fistula in a Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

David Rintoul, Jim Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sublingual oral fistulas have been documented in seven species of free-living
wild birds. Here, we report the first observations of a Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus
pipixcan) with an oral fistula, photographed in Pottawatomie County, Kansas, on
April 29, 2019. The bird appeared to be healthy, was vocal, and capable of flight.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-56
Number of pages4
JournalKansas Ornithological Society Bulletin
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019


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