Subjectivism, Relativism and Contextualism

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


There is a family of metaethical views according to which (i) there are no objectively correct moral standards and (ii) whether a given moral claim is true depends in some way on moral standards accepted by either an individual (forms of subjectivism) or a community (forms of relativism). This chapter outlines the three most important versions of this type of theories: old-fashioned subjectivism and relativism, contextualism and new wave subjectivism and relativism. It also explores the main advantages of these views and the key objections to them.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Bloomsbury Companion of Ethics
EditorsChristian B. Miller
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherBloomsbury Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)9781350217898 (PDF), 9781350217904 (Epub & Mobi)
ISBN (Print)9781350217881
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2023


  • Moral relativsim
  • Subjectivism
  • Contextualism
  • Truth relativism
  • Disagreement
  • Standard Ordering Semantics


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