Solidification and grain refinement in Ti(48-50)Al2Mn2Nb1B alloys

Bo Liu, Jing Li, Dawei Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
257 Downloads (Pure)


Two TiAl-based alloys, Ti48Al2Mn2Nb1B and Ti50Al2Mn2Nb1B, were prepared via conventional ingot melting and unidirectional solidification (Bridgman process) to investigate their solidification behaviour and the effect of boron addition on grain refinement. Both of them are found to be  solidifying alloys. Their microstructures are refined, featuring fine and randomly oriented lamellar colonies about 150μm in size, in conventional ingots but the unidirectionally solidified alloys still have columnar microstructures. The entirely different grain refinement behaviour in ingots and Bridgman samples gave rise to the notion that the enhanced  nucleation from the liquid is the key to grain refinement in the two  solidifying alloys although the specific mechanisms are yet to identify.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages8
Early online date3 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Titanium Aluminide
  • TiAl
  • Solidification
  • Microstructure
  • Grain refinement
  • boron


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