Should we educate about the risks of medication overuse headache?

James Tf Lai, John Dc Dereix, Ravi P Ganepola, Peter G Nightingale, Kiera A Markey, Paul N Aveyard, Alexandra J Sinclair

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    12 Citations (Scopus)
    126 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Background
    Medication-overuse headache (MOH) is caused by the regular use of medications to treat headache. There has been a lack of research into awareness of MOH. We distributed an electronic survey to undergraduate students and their contacts via social networking sites. Analgesic use, awareness of MOH, perceived change in behaviour following educational intervention about the risks of MOH and preferred terminology for MOH was evaluated.

    Findings
    485 respondents completed the questionnaire (41% having received healthcare training). 77% were unaware of the possibility of MOH resulting from regular analgesic use for headache. Following education about MOH, 80% stated they would reduce analgesic consumption or seek medical advice. 83% indicated that over the counter analgesia should carry a warning of MOH. The preferred terminology for MOH was painkiller-induced headache.

    Conclusions
    This study highlights the lack of awareness of MOH. Improved education about MOH and informative packaging of analgesics, highlighting the risks in preferred lay terminology (i.e. painkiller-induced headache), may reduce this iatrogenic morbidity and warrants further evaluation.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number10
    JournalThe Journal of Headache and Pain
    Volume15
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2014

    Keywords

    • Medication-overuse headache
    • Analgesia
    • Headache
    • Prevention
    • Education

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