Seeing the Unseen: Plaster Reliefs in Middle Byzantine Constantinople

Flavia Vanni

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This paper discusses the scarce, but crucial evidence for plaster reliefs in Constantinople between the ninth and the thirteenth centuries. While many plaster reliefs survived in the Balkan peninsula, there is room to confirm that they were also used in the capital. Plaster reliefs were a quick substitution for marble, but could also answer aesthetic needs and architectural conventions that continued from Late Antiquity into Middle and Late Byzantine architecture, even with some changes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-128
Number of pages23
JournalEurasian Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Byzantine sculpture
  • stucco
  • Constantinople
  • Byzantine architecture
  • aesthetic


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