Robust Stationarity Testing in Seasonal Time Series Processes

Anthony Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


This article builds on the existing literature on (stationarity) tests of the null hypothesis of deterministic seasonality in a univariate time series process against the alternative of unit root behavior at some or all of the zero and seasonal frequencies. This article considers the case where, in testing for unit roots at some proper subset of the zero and seasonal frequencies, there are unattended unit roots among the remaining frequencies. Monte Carlo results are presented that demonstrate that in this case, the stationarity tests tend to distort below nominal size under the null and display an associated (often very large) loss of power under the alternative. A modification to the existing tests, based on data prefiltering, that eliminates the problem asymptotically is suggested. Monte Carlo evidence suggests that this procedure works well in practice, even at relatively small sample sizes. Applications of the robustified statistics to various seasonally unadjusted time series measures of U.K. consumers' expenditure are considered; these yield considerably more evidence of seasonal unit roots than do the existing stationarity tests.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-163
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Business and Economic Statistics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


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