Respective Contribution of Cavitation and Convective Flow to Local Stirring in Sonoreactors

JY Hihn, ML Doche, A Mandroyan, L Hallez, Bruno Pollet

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28 Citations (Scopus)


The knowledge of respective parts of convection and cavitation to the stirring induced by ultrasound at one exact position into a sonoreactor is useful for all processes implementing surfaces exposed to sonication. PIV measurement allows real fluid motion determination, whereas the electrochemical technique gives an equivalent flow velocity considered as the sum of all stirring contributions to the electrode. Thus, by a simple subtraction between real fluid velocity and equivalent flow velocity, it is possible to identify the contribution of each phenomenon. Applied to low frequency reactors, it had been observed that cavitation is the preponderant phenomenon, with a contribution of stirring close to the electrode always more than 90%. High frequency reactors, frequently known to produce less cavitation, have shown that at the focal zone, if it concerns HIFU, cavitation becomes preponderant and reaches similar values to those close to the ultrasonic horn in low frequency sonoreactors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)881-887
Number of pages7
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Issue number4
Early online date5 Mar 2011
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2011


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