Regulator of G-Protein Signalling-14 (RGS14) regulates the activation of αMβ2 integrin during phagocytosis

Jenson Lim, Jo Thompson, Robin C May, Neil A Hotchin, Emmanuelle Caron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
140 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Integrin-mediated phagocytosis, an important physiological activity undertaken by professional phagocytes, requires bidirectional signalling to/from αMβ2 integrin and involves Rap1 and Rho GTPases. The action of Rap1 and the cytoskeletal protein talin in activating αMβ2 integrins, in a RIAM-independent manner, has been previously shown to be critical during phagocytosis in mammalian phagocytes. However, the events downstream of Rap1 are not clearly understood. Our data demonstrate that one potential Rap1 effector, Regulator of G-Protein Signalling-14 (RGS14), is involved in activating αMβ2. Exogenous expression of RGS14 in COS-7 cells expressing αMβ2 results in increased binding of C3bi-opsonised sheep red blood cells. Consistent with this, knock-down of RGS14 in J774.A1 macrophages results in decreased association with C3bi-opsonised sheep red blood cells. Regulation of αMβ2 function occurs through the R333 residue of the RGS14 Ras/Rap binding domain (RBD) and the F754 residue of β2, residues previously shown to be involved in binding of H-Ras and talin1 head binding prior to αMβ2 activation, respectively. Surprisingly, overexpression of talin2 or RAPL had no effect on αMβ2 regulation. Our results establish for the first time a role for RGS14 in the mechanism of Rap1/talin1 activation of αMβ2 during phagocytosis.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere69163
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Cell binding assay
  • G-protein signaling
  • GTPase signaling
  • Integrins
  • Macrophages
  • Phagocytosis
  • Red blood cells
  • Small interfering RNAs

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