Re-refining the measurement of distress intolerance

Saeed Bebane, Heather D. Flowe, John Maltby*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The current study aims to present a parsimonious measure of five factors of distress intolerance as proposed by Zvolensky et al. (2010). Exploratory (n= 511) and confirmatory (n= 157) factor analytic studies of items from five established measures of distress intolerance suggest a 20-item measure representing five dimensions of distress intolerance (uncertainty, ambiguity, physical discomfort, frustration, and negative emotion). A comparison of latent factor models suggests that a bifactor model may present the best fit to the data, reflecting the identification of a general factor of distress intolerance while also recognizing the multidimensionality of the five group factors. The current findings suggest a parsimonious measure of five factors of distress intolerance, though further research may consider method and measurement biases and the convergent and discriminant validity of the subscales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-164
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online date16 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • Ambiguity
  • Discomfort
  • Distress intolerance
  • Frustration
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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