Rationalization of the color properties of fluorescein in the solid state: a combined computational and experimental study

Mihails Arhangelskis, Mark D. Eddleston, David G. Reid, Graeme M. Day, Dejan-krešimir Bučar, Andrew J. Morris, William Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
251 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Fluorescein is known to exist in three tautomeric forms defined as quinoid, zwitterionic, and lactoid. In the solid state, the quinoid and zwitterionic forms give rise to red and yellow materials, respectively. The lactoid form has not been crystallized pure, although its cocrystal and solvate forms exhibit colors ranging from yellow to green. An explanation for the observed colors of the crystals is found using a combination of UV/Vis spectroscopy and plane-wave DFT calculations. The role of cocrystal coformers in modifying crystal color is also established. Several new crystal structures are determined using a combination of X-ray and electron diffraction, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, and crystal structure prediction (CSP). The protocol presented herein may be used to predict color properties of materials prior to their synthesis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10065-10073
JournalChemistry: A European Journal
Volume22
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2016

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