Platelet glycoprotein VI cluster size is related to thrombus formation and phosphatidylserine exposure in collagen-adherent platelets under arterial shear

Natalie J Jooss, Christopher W Smith, Jeremy A Pike, Richard W Farndale, Yvonne M C Henskens, Steve P Watson, Johan W M Heemskerk, Natalie S Poulter

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Collagen-induced platelet activation is predominantly mediated by glycoprotein (GP) VI through formation of receptor clusters that coincide with the accumulation of signaling molecules and are hypothesized to drive strong and sustained platelet activation.

OBJECTIVES: To determine the importance of GPVI clusters for thrombus formation in whole blood under shear.

METHODS: We utilized whole blood microfluidics and an anti-GPVI nanobody (Nb), Nb28, labeled with AlexaFluor 488, to assess the distribution of GPVI on the surface of platelets adhering to a range of collagen-like substrates with different platelet activation potentials.

RESULTS: Automated analysis of GPVI surface distribution on platelets supported the hypothesis that there is a relationship between GPVI cluster formation, thrombus size, and phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure. Substrates that supported the formation of macroclusters also induced significantly bigger aggregates, with increased amounts of PS-exposing platelets in comparison to substrates where no GPVI clusters were detected. Furthermore, we demonstrate that only direct inhibition of GPVI binding, but not of downstream signaling, is able to disrupt cluster formation.

CONCLUSION: Labeled anti-GPVI Nb28 permits visualization of GPVI clustering under flow conditions. Furthermore, whilst inhibition of downstream signaling does not affect clustering, it does prevent thrombus formation. Therefore, GPVI macroclustering is a prerequisite for thrombus formation and platelet activation, namely, PS exposure, on highly GPVI-dependent collagen surfaces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2260-2267
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of thrombosis and haemostasis : JTH
Volume21
Issue number8
Early online date4 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Blood Platelets/metabolism
  • Phosphatidylserines/metabolism
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism
  • Platelet Activation
  • Collagen/metabolism
  • Thrombosis
  • Platelet Aggregation

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