Physical and genetic mapping in the grasses Lolium perenne and Festuca pratensis

J King, IP Armstead, S Donnison, HM Thomas, RN Jones, Michael Kearsey, LA Roberts, A Jones, IP King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)


A single chromosome of the grass species Festuca pratensis has been introgressed into Lolium perenne to produce a diploid monosomic substitution line 2n = 2x = 14. In this line recombination occurs throughout the length of the F. pratensis/L. perenne bivalent. The F. pratensis chromosome and recombinants between it and its L. perenne homeologue can be visualized using genomic in situ hybridization (GISH). GISH junctions represent the physical locations of sites of recombination, enabling a range of recombinant chromosomes to be used for physical mapping of the introgressed F. pratensis chromosome. The physical map, in conjunction with a genetic map composed of 104 F. pratensis-specific amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), demonstrated: (1) the first large-scale analysis of the physical distribution of AFLPs; (2) variation in the relationship between genetic and physical distance from one part of the F. pratensis chromosome to another (e.g., variation was observed between and within chromosome arms); (3) that nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) and centromeres greatly reduce recombination; (4) that coding sequences are present close to the centromere and NORs in areas of low recombination in plant species with large genomes; and (5) apparent complete synteny between the F. pratensis chromosome and rice chromosome 1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


Dive into the research topics of 'Physical and genetic mapping in the grasses Lolium perenne and Festuca pratensis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this