Pharmacists’ involvement in COVID-19 vaccination across Europe: a situational analysis of current practice and policy

Vibhu Paudyal, Daniela Fialová, Martin C. Henman, Ankie Hazen, Betul Okuyan, Monika Lutters, Cathal Cadogan, Filipa Alves Da Costa, Elena Galfrascoli, Yvonne Marina Pudritz, Silas Rydant, Jaime Acosta-gómez

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One year since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, rapid response measures have been implemented internationally to mitigate the spread of the virus. Following rapid and successful pre-clinical and human trials, several vaccines have been authorised for use across Europe through the European Medicines Agency and national regulatory authorities. Clinical trials have shown promising results including important reductions in disease severity, hospitalisation and mortality. In order to maximise the public health benefit of available vaccines, there is a pressing need to vaccinate a large proportion of the population. Internationally, this has prompted coordination of existing services at enormous scale, and development and implementation of novel vaccination strategies to ensure maximum inoculation over the shortest possible timeframe. Pharmacists are being promoted as healthcare professionals that enhance roll-out of COVID-19 vaccination programmes. This paper aims to summarise current policy and practice in relation to pharmacists’ involvement in COVID-19 vaccination in 13 countries across Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1148
Number of pages10
Journal International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Issue number4
Early online date3 Jul 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge collaborators from various countries for providing and clarification of specific information related to current involvement of pharmacists in COVID-19 vaccination services, namely: Assist, Prof. Maja Ortner Habdiabdi? and Ingrid Kummer from University of Zagreb and Zagreb Pharmacies, Zagreb, Croatia; Assoc. Prof. Ivana Tadic; Sofija ?esto from the University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia; Pizzuti Emma, Pistritto Dario and Raffaella Cavi from Hospital Pharmacy, ASST Settelaghi, Varese, Italy; Scala Daniela from Nuclear Medicine Department, AORN Cardarelli Hospital, Naples, Italy; and Ramesh Yadav, a community pharmacist from England.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).


  • COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage
  • COVID-19/prevention & control
  • Europe
  • Health Policy
  • Humans
  • Pharmacists/organization & administration
  • Practice Patterns, Pharmacists'/organization & administration
  • Professional Role
  • Pharmacist
  • Pharmacy
  • Public Health


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