Peatland Water Repellency: Importance of Soil Water Content, Moss Species, and Burn Severity

Paul A. Moore, Maxwell Curtis Lukenbach, Nicholas Kettridge, Richard Michael Petrone, Kevin J. Devito, James Michael Waddington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
226 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Wildfire is the largest disturbance affecting peatlands, with northern peat reserves expected to become more vulnerable to wildfire as climate change enhances the length and severity of the fire season. Recent research suggests that high water table positions after wildfire are critical to limit atmospheric carbon losses and enable the re-establishment of keystone peatland mosses (i.e. Sphagnum). Post-fire recovery of the moss surface in Sphagnum-feathermoss peatlands, however, has been shown to be limited where moss type and burn severity interact to result in a water repellent surface. While in-situ measurements of moss water repellency in peatlands have been shown to be greater for feathermoss in both a burned and unburned state in comparison to Sphagnum moss, it is difficult to separate the effect of water content from species. Consequently, we carried out a laboratory based drying experiment where we compared the water repellency of two dominant peatland moss species, Sphagnum and feathermoss, for several burn severity classes including unburned samples. The results suggest that water repellency in moss is primarily controlled by water content, where a sharp threshold exists at gravimetric water contents (GWC) lower than ~1.4 g g-1. While GWC is shown to be a strong predictor of water repellency, the effect is enhanced by burning. Based on soil water retention curves, we suggest that it is highly unlikely that Sphagnum will exhibit hydrophobic conditions under field conditions. Moreover, the superior water retention characteristics of Sphagnum compared to feathermoss or burned samples appears to be independent of bulk density.  
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)656-665
JournalJournal of Hydrology
Early online date20 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Water repellency
  • Moss
  • Sphagnum
  • Feathermoss
  • Wildfire
  • Peatland

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