Passive maritime surveillance using satellite communication signals

Andrew Stove, Marina Gashinova, Stanislav Hristov, Mikhail Cherniakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
309 Downloads (Pure)


In this paper the feasibility of a bistatic passive system for maritime surveillance and marine navigation is considered based on the communication satellite constellation Inmarsat as a source of illuminating signals. A power budget analysis is detailed for Inmarsat signals, considering both the reference and the radar channels. The effect of sea clutter is also examined. It is shown that relatively poor range resolution can be improved if the available communication channels are combined to improve the bandwidth, a process which also improves the sensitivity. For the first time detection and preliminary bistatic range-Doppler tracking are presented for a representative maritime target.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2987-2997
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Issue number6
Early online date2 Aug 2017
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017


  • Satellites
  • Satellite communication
  • Transmitters
  • Spaceborne radar
  • Radar cross-sections
  • Bandwidth


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