On-surface chemical reactions characterised by ultra-high resolution scanning probe microscopy

Adam Sweetman, Neil R. Champness, Alex Saywell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In the last decade it has become possible to resolve the geometric structure of organic molecules with intramolecular resolution using high resolution scanning probe microscopy (SPM), and specifically using the subset of SPM known as noncontact atomic force microscopy (ncAFM). In world leading groups it has become routine not only to perform sub-molecular imaging of the chemical, electronic, and electrostatic properties of single molecules, but also to use this technique to track complex on-surface chemical reactions, investigate novel reaction products, and even synthesise new molecular structures one bond at a time. These developments represent the cutting edge of characterisation at the single chemical bond level, and have revolutionised our understanding of surface-based chemical processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4189-4202
JournalChemical Society Reviews
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2020


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