Observations of the Acceleration of Polar Solar Wind Near Solar Maximum

Stephen Tappin, George Simnett, Mark Lyons

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In a previous paper (Tappin et al., 1999) we used cross-correlation analysis of high-cadence observations with the LASCO coronagraphs to trace the acceleration of the solar wind at low latitudes. In this paper we present a similar analysis carried out over the North pole of the Sun. The observations which were made in March 2000 with the C3 coronagraph show low bulk flow speeds (comparable to or lower than those seen at the equator in early 1998). We observe the acceleration continuing to the edge of the C3 field of view at about 30 R-circle dot. We also observe, as at low latitude, a high-speed tail but now reaching out well beyond 2000 km s(-1). We do not see a clear signature of a fast polar bulk flow. We therefore conclude that at this phase of the solar cycle, any fast bulk flow occupies only a small part of the line of sight and is therefore overwhelmed by the denser slow solar wind in these observations. We also show that the fast component is consistent with observed solar wind speeds at 1 AU.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-20
Number of pages4
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Issue number1/4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001


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