In earthquake prone areas, wind and earthquake loads are assumed to be statistically uncorrelated, therefore their interaction is ignored by existing design guidelines. However, the fact that strong earthquake events are commonly followed by aftershocks and that wind is constantly flowing at high speeds around wind farms increase the probability of their joint occurrence, thus making current design assumptions questionable. This investigation shows that multi-hazard scenarios magnify strength demands of wind turbine towers designed against isolated load conditions, hence modifying their performance level. It is also shown that, under certain conditions, the probabilities associated to the joint occurrence of earthquake and low to strong wind events match or exceed those related to the original design, thus rendering wind energy infrastructure susceptible to unforeseen damage.
|Institution of Civil Engineers. Proceedings. Structures and Buildings
|Early online date
|23 May 2018
|E-pub ahead of print - 23 May 2018