Lumbar muscle adaptations to external perturbations are modulated by trunk posture

Jacques Abboud*, Julien Ducas, Émile Marineau-Bélanger, Alessio Gallina

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate if the recruitment of different regions within the lumbar extensor muscles in response to unexpected perturbations depends on trunk posture.

METHODS: In a semi-seated posture, healthy adult participants experienced unexpected posterior-anterior trunk perturbations in three different postures: neutral, trunk flexion and left trunk rotation. High-density surface electromyography was used to identify the regional distribution of activation within the lumbar erector spinae muscles. The effect of posture and side (left vs right) on muscle activity and centroid coordinates was investigated at baseline and in response to perturbations.

RESULTS: Higher muscle activity was observed in trunk flexion compared to neutral and rotation postures at baseline (multiple p < 0.001) and in response to the perturbation (multiple p < 0.01). At baseline, the centroid of the electromyographic amplitude distribution was localized more medially in trunk flexion compared to trunk neutral posture (p = 0.003), while activation was localized more laterally in response to the perturbation (multiple p < 0.05). When the trunk was rotated, the electromyographic amplitude distribution was localized more cranially on the left than the right side, both at baseline (p = 0.001) and in response to the perturbation (p = 0.001). Finally, a more lateral location of the centroid on the left side in rotation compared to neutral posture was observed in response to the perturbation (multiple p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Regional differences in the distribution of electromyographic amplitude indicate that different muscle regions were recruited in different trunk postures and in response to perturbations, possibly based on regional mechanical advantage of the erector spinae muscle fibers.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Early online date29 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 May 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Erector spinae
  • Trunk
  • Postural perturbation
  • High-density EMG

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