Liquid metal/metal oxide frameworks

W. Zhang, J.Z. Ou, S.-Y. Tang, V. Sivan, D.D. Yao, K. Latham, K. Khoshmanesh, A. Mitchell, A.P. O'Mullane, K. Kalantar-Zadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)


A new platform described as the liquid metal/metal oxide (LM/MO) framework is introduced. The constituent spherical structures of these frameworks are made of micro‐ to nanosized liquid metal spheres and nanosized metal oxides, combining the advantages of both materials. It is shown that the diameters of the spheres and the stoichiometry of the structures can be actively controlled. Additionally, the liquid suspension of these spheres demonstrates tuneable plasmon resonances. These spherical structures are assembled to form LM/MO frameworks which are capable of demonstrating high sensitivity towards low concentrations of heavy metal ions, and enhanced solar light driven photocalalytic activities. These demonstrations imply that the LM/MO frameworks are a suitable candidate for the development of future high performance electronic and optical devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3799-3807
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number24
Early online date10 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2014


  • galinstan
  • heavy metal ion sensing
  • liquid metals
  • metal/metal oxide structures
  • photocatalysis


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