Thermomechanical controlled rolling (TMCR) has been widely used as an effective method to improve the properties of steels. In the present paper, two commercial TMCR microalloyed steels were investigated. The grain size distributions and grain boundary misorientation angles were measured using electron backscattered diffraction patterns obtained using orientation imaging microscopy (OIM). The equivalent grain diameters were also measured using optical microscopy. Mixed coarse- and fine-grained regions were observed and the microhardness values were measured for both areas. Grain boundary misorientation angle distributions showed that the magnitude of mesotexture developed in the steel is dependent upon the rolling passes, the reduction ratio and the rolling temperatures including the finish rolling temperature. The surface layer, up to 2 mm depth, in Com-A steel had about 55% of grain boundaries with a misorientation angle below 12degrees, much higher than in the central area (similar to30%), whereas Com-B steel showed similar distributions from the rolling surface to the centre. Misorientation results obtained from laboratory rolled steel plates with various TMCR procedures are also discussed as are OIM results from Charpy impact brittle fracture surfaces examining the effect of misorientation on crack propagation.
- grain size