G-CSF/SCF reduces inducible arrhythmias in the infarcted heart potentially via increased connexin43 expression and arteriogenesis

Michael T Kuhlmann, Paulus Kirchhof, Rainer Klocke, Lekbira Hasib, Jörg Stypmann, Larissa Fabritz, Matthias Stelljes, Wen Tian, Melanie Zwiener, Marcus Mueller, Joachim Kienast, Günter Breithardt, Sigrid Nikol

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102 Citations (Scopus)


Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), alone or in combination with stem cell factor (SCF), can improve hemodynamic cardiac function after myocardial infarction. Apart from impairing the pump function, myocardial infarction causes an enhanced vulnerability to ventricular arrhythmias. Therefore, we investigated the electrophysiological effects of G-CSF/SCF and the underlying cellular events in a murine infarction model. G-CSF/SCF improved cardiac output after myocardial infarction. Although G-CSF/SCF led to a twofold increased, potentially proarrhythmic homing of bone marrow (BM)-derived cells to the area of infarction, <1% of these cells adopted a cardial phenotype. Inducibility of ventricular tachycardias during programmed stimulation was reduced 5 wk after G-CSF/SCF treatment. G-CSF/SCF increased cardiomyocyte diameter, arteriogenesis, and expression of connexin43 in the border zone of the infarction. An enhanced expression of the G-CSF receptor demonstrated in cardiomyocytes and other cell types of the infarcted myocardium indicates a sensitization of the heart to direct influences of this cytokine. In addition to paracrine effects potentially caused by the increased homing of BM-derived cells, these might contribute to the therapeutic effects of G-CSF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-97
Number of pages11
JournalThe Journal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2006


  • Animals
  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Cardiac Output
  • Connexin 43
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Heart
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Myocardium
  • Myocytes, Cardiac
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic
  • Receptors, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Stem Cell Factor
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left


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