Functional Neuroanatomy and Neurophysiology of Functional Neurological Disorders (Conversion Disorder)

On behalf of the American Neuropsychiatric Association Committee for Research

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69 Citations (Scopus)


Much is known regarding the physical characteristics, comorbid symptoms, psychological makeup, and neuropsychological performance of patients with functional neurological disorders (FNDs)/conversion disorders. Gross neurostructural deficits do not account for the patients' deficits or symptoms. This review describes the literature focusing on potential neurobiological (i.e. functional neuroanatomic/neurophysiological) findings among individuals with FND, examining neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies of patients with the various forms of motor and sensory FND. In summary, neural networks and neurophysiologic mechanisms may mediate "functional" symptoms, reflecting neurobiological and intrapsychic processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-90
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Neuropsychiatry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/etiology
  • Brain/pathology
  • Cognition Disorders/etiology
  • Conversion Disorder/blood
  • Databases, Factual/statistics & numerical data
  • Humans


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