Exposure to sexism can decrease implicit gender stereotype bias

Miguel Rui Ribeiro Da Silva Taborda Ramos, Manuela Barreto, Naomi Ellemers, Miguel Moya, Lúcia Ferreira, Jimmy Calanchini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Two studies examined the effect of exposure to sexism on implicit gender bias, focusing specifically on stereotypes of men as competent and women as warm. Male and female participants were exposed to sexism or no sexism. In both Experiment 1 (Implicit Association Task; N = 115) and Experiment 2 (Go/No-go Association Task; N = 167), women who had been exposed to sexist beliefs demonstrated less implicit gender stereotype bias relative to women who were not exposed to sexism. In contrast, exposure to sexism did not influence men's implicit gender stereotype bias. In Experiment 2, process modelling revealed that women's reduction in bias in response to sexism was related to increased accuracy orientation and a tendency to make warmth versus competence judgments. The implications of these findings for current understandings of sexism and its effects on gender stereotypes are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-466
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Issue number4
Early online date20 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • implicit bias
  • sexism
  • stereotyping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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