Evaluation of 3D printed monolithic G-band waveguide components

Talal Skaik, Milan Salek, Peter Hunyor, Hui Wang, Peter G. Huggard, Paul F. Wilson, Mark A. Williams, Yi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Downloads (Pure)


This paper presents a comprehensive evaluation of 3D-printed monolithic waveguide components fabricated by a high-precision micro laser sintering (MLS) process. The investigated devices are two 180 GHz bandpass filters and a straight G-band (140-220 GHz) waveguide section. All were made of stainless steel, which was later gold coated using an electroless process. One of the filter samples was characterized using X-ray micro-CT to inspect the printing quality as well as measure the internal dimensions. The sample was then sectioned to allow measurement of the surface roughness of the inner surfaces and inspect the gold coating quality. The as-manufactured stainless steel components showed high insertion losses: over 3 dB in the filter passbands and between 4.7 dB and 7 dB for the waveguide section, increasing with frequency over the G- and. This loss is due to the electrical conductivity of stainless steel as well as the surface roughness. Gold plating significantly reduced the insertion losses, to 0.5 dB for the filters and to between 0.6 dB and 1 dB for the waveguide section. The investigative study showed the high dimensional accuracy and good printing quality achieved by MLS, demonstrating the value of the technique in producing monolithic metal waveguide components with fine geometrics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10038749
JournalIEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology
Early online date6 Feb 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Feb 2023


  • 3D printing
  • G-band
  • micro laser sintering (MLS)
  • waveguide filter


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of 3D printed monolithic G-band waveguide components'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this