Mucosal tissues require constant immune surveillance to clear harmful pathogens while maintaining tolerance to self Ags. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a central role in this process and expression of alpha(E)beta(7) has been reported to define a subset of Tregs with tropism for inflamed tissues. However, the signals responsible for recruiting Tregs to epithelial surfaces are poorly understood. We have isolated a subset of CCR10-expressing CD25+CD4+Foxp3+ Tregs with potent anti-inflammatory properties from chronically inflamed human liver. The CCR10+ Tregs were detected around bile ducts that expressed increased levels of the CCR10 ligand CCL28. CCL28 was secreted by primary human cholangiocytes in vitro in response to LPS, IL-1beta, or bile acids. Exposure of CCR10+ Tregs to CCL28 in vitro stimulated migration and adhesion to mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule-1 and VCAM-1. Liver-derived CCR10+ Tregs expressed low levels of CCR7 but high levels of CXCR3, a chemokine receptor associated with infiltration into inflamed tissue and contained a subset of alpha(E)beta7(+) cells. We propose that CXCR3 promotes the recruitment of Tregs to inflamed tissues and CCR10 allows them to respond to CCL28 secreted by epithelial cells resulting in the accumulation of CCR10+ Tregs at mucosal surfaces.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2006|