OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of n-3 PUFAs supplementation on plasma indices of coagulation (fibrinogen), fibrin D-Dimer (an index of thrombogenesis and fibrin turnover), endothelial damage/dysfunction (von Willebrand factor (vWf)), platelet activation (soluble P-selectin (sP-sel)) and inflammation (interleukin-6, IL-6) in patients following acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Open-labelled randomised controlled trial. Seventy-seven post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients stabilized on standard secondary prevention therapy were randomised either to 3 months' treatment with Omacor 1 g/day (n=37) or 'usual care' control (n=40). Plasma levels of fibrinogen, D-Dimer, vWf, sP-sel, IL-6 and plasma viscosity at baseline and after 3 months were determined. RESULTS: At baseline, there were no significant differences between the groups in all research indices, except vWf levels were higher in patients allocated to Omacor supplementation. After 3 months, there were no significant changes in the levels of any research indices in either the Omacor supplemented or the 'usual care' control patients when compared to baseline. Patients who received Omacor experienced a fall in total cholesterol (p=0.019), total/HDL-cholesterol ratio (p=0.009) and LDL-cholesterol (p=0.023). However, the relative changes in plasma lipids and lipoproteins did not differ between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Three-month supplementation of Omacor at 1 g per day in post-MI patients is not associated with an improvement in the levels of peripheral indices of coagulation potential, endothelial function, platelet reactivity and inflammation.
- myocardial infarction
- omega-3 fatty acids