Developing imagery ability in esport athletes using layered stimulus response training

Jennifer Cumming*, Mary L. Quinton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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For esport athletes to effectively use imagery and experience its many benefits, they must develop a collection of skills referred to as imagery ability. Layered stimulus response training (LSRT) is an evidence-based technique informed by bioinformational theory to improve how easily someone can form rich and vivid images that more closely approximate the real-life situation. In turn, having a better ability to generate and control clear and vivid images is associated with better performance and optimal mental and emotional states. The aim of this paper is to explain how sport psychologists can guide esport athletes through cycles of LSRT, which involves imaging, evaluating, reflecting, and then developing images in progressive layers of different stimulus, response, and meaning propositions. Aids to image generation and other variations of LSRT as well as future research opportunities for applying LSRT to esport are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity
Early online date7 Mar 2023
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Mar 2023


  • bioinformational theory
  • controllability
  • image generation
  • progressive imagery
  • vividness


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