Developing imagery ability effectively: a guide to layered stimulus response training

Jennifer Cumming, Sam Cooley, Nurwina Anuar, Maria-Christina Kosteli, Mary Quinton, Sarah Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
1602 Downloads (Pure)


The ability to generate and control images is an important factor in determining the 28 effectiveness of imagery interventions. Despite evidence that imagery ability improves with 29 practice, until recently few established ways for its development existed. This paper 30 describes the application of layered stimulus response training (LSRT; Williams, Cooley, & 31 Cumming, 2013), a technique based on Lang’s (1977) bioinformational theory. We explain 32 LSRT, why it works, and how it can be evaluated with a detailed case study. We also offer 33 variations to LSRT for overcoming common imagery problems experienced by clients.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sport Psychology in Action
Early online date21 Jul 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Jul 2016


  • imagery
  • imagery ability
  • interventions
  • bioinformational theory


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