Determination of small soot particles in the presence of large ones from time-resolved laser-induced incandescence

Emre Cenker, Gilles Bruneaux, Thomas Dreier, Christof Schulz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


A novel strategy for the analysis of time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TiRe-LII), called two-exponential reverse fitting (TERF), is introduced. The method is based on combined monoexponential fits to the LII signal decay at various delay times and approximates the particle-size distribution as a weighted combination of one large and one small monodisperse equivalent mean particle size without requiring assumption on the particle-size distribution. The effects of particle size, heat-up temperature, aggregate size, and pressure on the uncertainty of this method are evaluated using numerical experiments for lognormal and bimodal size distributions. TERF is applied to TiRe-LII measured in an atmospheric pressure laminar non-premixed ethylene/air flame at various heights above burner. The results are compared to transmission electron microscopy (TEM) measurements of thermophoretically sampled soot. The particle size of the large particle-size class agreed well for both methods. The size of the small particle-size class and the relative contribution did not agree which is attributed to missing information in the TEM results for very small particles. These limitations of TEM measurements are discussed and the effect of the exposure time of the sampling grid is evaluated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-183
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Physics B
Early online date28 Nov 2014
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015


  • Soot Particle
  • Soot Formation
  • Transmission Electron Microscopy Measurement
  • Flame Height
  • Monoexponential Decay


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