Depth propagation and surface construction in 3-D vision

MA Georgeson, TA Yates, Andrew Schofield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


In stereo vision, regions with ambiguous or unspecified disparity can acquire perceived depth from unambiguous regions. This has been called stereo capture, depth interpolation or surface completion. We studied some striking induced depth effects suggesting that depth interpolation and surface completion are distinct stages of visual processing. An inducing texture (2-D Gaussian noise) had sinusoidal modulation of disparity, creating a smooth horizontal corrugation. The central region of this surface was replaced by various test patterns whose perceived corrugation was measured. When the test image was horizontal 1-D noise, shown to one eye or to both eyes without disparity, it appeared corrugated in much the same way as the disparity-modulated (DM) flanking regions. But when the test image was 2-D noise, or vertical 1-D noise, little or no depth was induced. This suggests that horizontal orientation was a key factor. For a horizontal sine-wave luminance grating, strong depth was induced, but for a square-wave grating, depth was induced only when its edges were aligned with the peaks and troughs of the DM flanking surface. These and related results suggest that disparity (or local depth) propagates along horizontal 1-D features, and then a 3-D surface is constructed from the depth samples acquired. The shape of the constructed surface can be different from the inducer, and so surface construction appears to operate on the results of a more local depth propagation process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-95
Number of pages12
JournalVision Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009


  • Depth perception
  • Stereopsis
  • Depth propagation
  • Surface construction
  • Lateral interaction


Dive into the research topics of 'Depth propagation and surface construction in 3-D vision'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this