Cross-national Comparison of Job Types: Analysis Using the EU LFS and Albanian LFS

Elvisa Drishti, Fiona Carmichael

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter provides a cross-national comparison of the labour markets regimes of the West- and East-EU member countries with the West-Balkan country of Albania. The aim is to establish whether or not cross-national variations in propensities of being hired in a non-standard job are the result of differences in national institutional regimes and labour market regulations. An adapted version of the Fraser Index is used to measure rigidity in relation to labour market regulation. The econometric analysis indicates that the net effect of more stringent labour market regulation varies: in less affluent East-EU economies and in Albania in particular, more workers use involuntary, non-standard jobs as a means to escape unemployment, reflecting precarization of working lives. In affluent West-EU economies, interventionist policies are associated with high levels of voluntary, non-standard work and low unemployment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTowards Economic Inclusion in the Western Balkans
EditorsW Bartlett, M Uvalic
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
ISBN (Electronic)9783031061127
ISBN (Print)9783031061110
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameNew Perspectives on South-East Europe
ISSN (Print)2662-5857
ISSN (Electronic)2662-5865


  • Involuntary non-standard employment
  • Albania
  • European Union
  • Labour market regulation
  • Institutional regimes


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