Correlation of PCDD/F emissions with operating parameters of municipal solid waste incinerators

K Everaert, Jan Baeyens

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32 Citations (Scopus)


Municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) operators frequently have expressed the need for an indirect indication of the expected production of PCDD/F and associated abatement procedures through a possible correlation with other real-time data, through using marker pollutants (e.g., penta/hexachlorinated aromatics), or through other indications. Since real-time measurement of PCDD/F is impossible, a correlation of PCDD/F emissions with other operating parameters could help in achieving these goals. Literature data of large-scale MSWIs concerning these correlations are scarce and seldom conclusive. Extensive data of Flemish MSWIs are used to statistically assess possible correlations of PCDD/F and other operating parameters. The effect of temperature in the electrostatic precipitator (ESP) is of major importance. When converting values measured between 180 and 270 degrees C to a reference temperature of, for example, 230 degrees C, PCDD/F concentrations achieve nearly constant values, stressing that the major correlating parameter is the temperature of the ESP. High temperatures that enhance de novo synthesis should be avoided.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-724
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Air and Waste Management Association
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001


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