Community based response to the Japanese tsunami: a bottom-up approach

Christina Goulding, Mihaela Kelemen, Toru Kiyomiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
121 Downloads (Pure)


The 2011 Tohuku earthquake and tsunami are said to be the most powerful ever to hit Japan. The result was tremendous loss of life, homes and livelihoods; the destruction of infrastructures; and the disruption of basic facilities. The aftermath of this disaster is the context of our research and we aim to show how a CBOR intervention approach can complement and be integrated into a larger social science project to offer a more praxis grounded understanding of the challenges faced. Our focus is on the interventions employed at the community level to reconstruct and rebuild a marginalized and devastated community—Minami Sanriku. We employ an arts-based methodology, supported by traditional qualitative methods, both as a means of data gathering and as a CBOR intervention in its own right, in order to understand and contribute to the socio-cultural dynamics of resilience and resilience building. Our pluralist and participatory methodology places community and concerned citizens at the heart of the rebuilding process. We analyze how a community in crisis draws upon social networks, cultural practices and collective interventions to rebuild from within. We frame our findings in terms of culture, community and resilience, and examine three interventions which have the ultimate aim of ‘building back better’.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-903
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Issue number3
Early online date7 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • community operational research
  • tsunami
  • resilience
  • arts-based methodology
  • disaster


Dive into the research topics of 'Community based response to the Japanese tsunami: a bottom-up approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this