Combat molten aluminum corrosion of AISI H13 steel by lowtemperature liquid nitrocarburizing

Guang Chen, Jun Wang, Hongyuan Fan, Danqi Wang, Xiaoying Li, Hanshan Dong

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8 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Possibility of improving the resistance of AISI H13 steel to molten aluminum corrosion by liquid nitrocarburizing (LNC) was explored. The effects of the LNC parameters in terms of temperatures (703/723/743K) and soaking time (4/8/12h) on phase transformation, microstructure, and resistance to molten aluminum were fully studied. The surface phase compositions and the cross-sectional phase distribution of the LNC treated specimens were studied by implementable X-ray diffraction analysis. Microstructure, element distribution, microhardness, and the kinetics of the nitrocarburized case formation were fully researched. Immersion test of corrosion resistance to molten aluminum was carried out at 1023K for 30min. It is observed that an oxide layer can be produced on the top of the nitrocarburized case during LNC treatment, which cannot be regularly produced by other nitriding methods. The nitrocarburized case consists of a compound layer, a diffusion layer, and a transition layer. The growth of the nitrocarburized case is proportional to the squared treatment time and follows the Arrhenius law for the treatment temperature. The activation energy is estimated to be 195.4 kJ·mol−1. While the nitrocarburized case provided limited resistance to molten aluminum, the oxide layer formed on the top of the nitrocarburized case conferred significantly improved molten aluminum corrosion resistance, especially a duplex oxide layer produced at 743K
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-711
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume776
Early online date26 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2019

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